Accessible alpine region
Across the region, there is the European 10th motorway and railway corridor. In Brnik, south from Kranj, the central Slovene (international) airport is situated, called Ljubljana Airport (1,2 mio passengers yearly, 16% growth 2005/2004). All these facts contribute to the favourable location of Gorenjska and its relatively good accessibility (with the exception of the ?kofja Loka area). Across Gorenjska, there are 79 km of railway, 41,7 km of motorway, 356 km regional roads, 131 km regional touristic and 1.078 km local roads.
59,4 % of Gorenjska represent forests , 44 % NATURE 2000 areas, 40 % lies 1000m above sea level
Gorenjska is an alpine region with its typical alpine landscape. Considering the natural-geographical characteristics, 70 % of Gorenjska represent the alpine area whereas only 29,8 % make the flat-valley part of the central Slovenia. 40,2 % of the region lies 1000 meters above sea level. 44,4 % comprise the areas of NATURA 2000. Forests represent 59.4 % of Gorenjska, 25,6 % are agricultural lands. 9,9 % are infertile areas.
4th biggest Slovene region considering the No. of inhabitants
Having 199.085 inhabitants (Dec. 2005), the Gorenjska region represents 9,9 % of the national population which ranges it on the 4th place among 12 Slovene development regions.
Population growth has fallen down to Slovene average
Compared to Slovenia, Gorenjska has a similar, very slight population growth (index of Gorenjska 2005/2004 was 100,4; the one of Slovenia was 100,3). After 1981, the number of inhabitants increased in comparison with Slovenia. However, the growth stopped after year 2000 (index of Gorenjska in 1991/81 was 106,4; in 2000/1991 it was 103,1; and in 2005/2000 it was 101,2). According to the data from 2004, the number of population grew due to positive natural increase (410, the highest rate registered in ?kofja Loka, Kranj, ?enčur, Jesenice, Radovljica and ?elezniki). On the other hand, the migrant increase was negative (-58 persons). Municipalities where more people move out than in, are the areas of the biggest urban centres like Kranj, ?kofja Loka, Jesenice and Tr?ič.
40 % inhabitants live in urban centres
39,7 % of Gorenjska?s inhabitants live in towns (Kranj, Jesenice, Tr?ič with Bistrica pri Tr?iču, Radovljica with Lesce, ?kofja Loka). It is the very development axis Jesenice ? Radovljica ? Kranj ? ?enčur ? ?kofja Loka that represents the biggest densely populated area.
More young people, but rapid population growth
The ageing index of Gorenjska (102,8) is unfavourable for the development: there are 15 % of young people up to 15 years and 15,5 % of 65 year-old people and above. But still, this index is relatively better when compared to Slovenia (110,5) and other regions. The ageing index is rapidly falling: in 1999, the one of Gorenjska amounted to 77,5; whereas the one of Slovenia was 86,0 ? in favour of young people. Today, Gorenjska has 28,7 % of population younger than 25 years (Slovenia: 27,2), 55,8 % represent middle generation (Slovenia: 57,2 %) and 15,5 % people above 65 years (Slovenia: 15,6 %). Within the region, there are considerable differences: in the Upper Gorenjska, the growth and age structure are less favourable. This becomes clear when we look at the ageing index liying above Slovene average in Zgornje Jezersko, Kranjska Gora, Radovljica, Bohinj, Bled and ?irovnica.
Above-average educational structure
Educational structure of Gorenjska?s population above 15 years is much better compared to Slovene average. According to the last data (year 2002), Gorenjska has a lower percentage of inhabitants without education (Gorenjska 6,83 %, Slovenia 6,95 %). Moreover, there are more persons with higher education (Gorenjska 13,14 %, Slovenia 12,93 %). The majority in Gorenjska has secondary education ? 55,1 % (Slovenia 54,1 %). This refers to lower or middle vocational, professional and general education.
Under average educational structure in companies
In spite of a relatively good educational structure of Gorenjska?s population, it lies below Slovene average in companies. In 2004, there were only 12,8 % persons with higher education employed in companies; in Slovenia, this percentage amounted to 15,7 %.
Increasing the employment, decreasing the unemployment, growth of no. of unemployed women
Employment indicators seem to be favourable thanks to decreased unemployment rate (by 2,3 %) since 2000. With its 55,7 % (2004) of employment rate (69.392 working population in 2004 and 72.044 in 2005) and 7,4% unemployment rate (6.497 persons) in 2005, Gorenjska ranks among most successful Slovene regions. On the other hand, this situation on the labour market already shows its influence on the lack of certain professions. In spring 2006, the unemployment rate in all Gorenjska?s municipalities fell below Slovene average.
Gorenjska is slowly turning from an industrial region into a service sector / informational society
Gorenjska used to have its traditional industrial economy (33.203 or 46 % employed in industry, dec. 2005). During the last 5 years, the region has been acquiring the character of a service sector (36.336 or 51 % employed ther in dec. 2005). However, the process of restructuring the labour intensive production may clearly be noticed in economic indicators which mainly lag behind the Slovene average. In agriculture and forestry, there were 2179 employed or 3 % of all employed in Gorenjska in December 2005.
GDP of Gorenjska: below-average and slowly growing
In connection with the results of business environment, also the regional GDP is below average. In 2003, Gorenjska made 435 mrd SIT (in 2002: 410 mrd SIT) of GDP? current prices. This sum amounted to 8,6 % of the national GDP. The highest regional GDP (37,5 %) is achieved by manufacturing (56 % employed persons), business activities (13,7 % of the regional GDP; 6,4 % employed in this sector) and trade (11,1 % with 14 % employed persons).
In 2003, GDP/inhabitant amounted to 10.830 EUR (in 2002: 10.443 EUR) which represents 86,9 % (in 2002: 88,0 %) of the national GDP. In 2002, GDP/inhabitant amounted to 66 % of the average GDP in the EU. Although Gorenjska?s GDP increases, its growth is slower than the national one. This may imply a long-term developmental retardation. In a five-year period 2003-1999, the index of GDP growth was 120,8; while the national one was 122,2. According to the available data, the difference has been increasing in the year 2003 ? 2002 when the growth of Gorenjska?s GDP was only 3, 7 %, and the Slovene one 5,0 %.